CauchyRiemann Equations.
Recall the definition of the derivative of a function
at a point
:
Denote:
,
,
and
, where
,
,
,
,
,
,
and
are real.
Figure 1: CauchyRiemann.

Suppose that
; thus we have:
Suppose that
; thus we have:
Hence we have the socalled CauchyRiemann Equations:
which can be wriiten in the following form, with a notation frequently used in
Calculus:
Theorem 3.3.1
If
is derivable at
, then
and
verify the CauchyRiemann Equations at
.
Example 3.3.2
Let
. As a polynomial function,
is derivable over the whole of
.
Let us check the CauchyRiemann equations. Denote
. Then we have:
It follows that:
at every point in the plane, i.e. CauchyRiemann equations hold everywhere.
There is a kind of inverse theorem:
Theorem 3.3.4
If
verifies the CauchyRiemann Formulas at
and if the partial derivatives of
and
are continuous at
, the
is derivable at
and
.
Example 3.3.6
Let
, for any
. We work as in the previous examples:
We compute the first partial derivatives:
We solve CauchyRiemann equations:
The subset of the plane where
can be differentiable is the union of the two coordinate axes. As the first
partial derivatives of
and
are continuous at every point in the plane,
is differentiable at every point on one of the coordinate axes.
CauchyRiemann equations in polar form:
Instead of
, write
, where
.
